Declaration of Policy
It shall be the policy of the State under Article XIII, Sec. 14 of the 1987 Constitution to protect and promote the rights and welfare of working women, taking into account their maternal functions, and to provide an enabling environment in which their full potential can be achieved.
Towards this end, and consistent with local and international legal instruments that protect and promote the rights of women, the State shall institutionalize a mechanism to expand the maternity leave period of female workers to provide them with ample transition time to regain health and overall wellness before resuming full-timework.
Grant of Maternity Leave
All covered female workers in government and the private sector, including those in the informal economy, regardless of civil status or the legitimacy of her child, shall be granted one hundred twenty (120) days maternity leave with pay and an option to extend for an additional thirty (30) days without pay, Provided, That, in case the worker qualifies as a solo parent under Republic Act No. 8972, or the Solo Parents’ Welfare Act, the worker shall be granted one hundred fifty (150) days maternity leave with pay.
Enjoyment of maternity leave cannot be deferred but should be availed of either before or after the actual period of delivery in a continuous and uninterrupted manner, not exceeding one hundred and twenty (120) calendar days, as the case may be.
Maternity leave shall be granted to female workers in every instance of pregnancy or miscarriage, regardless of frequency.
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to diminish benefits already provided under existing laws and regulations
Maternity Leave for Female Workers in the Public Sector
Any pregnant female worker in the government service, regardless of employment status, in National Government Agencies (NGAs), Local Government Units (LGUs), Government-Owned or -Controlled Corporations (GOCCs), or State Universities and Colleges (SUCs), shall be granted a maternity leave of one hundred twenty (120) days with full pay based on her average weekly or regular wages, regardless if the delivery was normal or caesarean: Provided, That, in case the employee qualifies as a solo parent under Republic Act No. 8972, or the Solo Parents’ Welfare Act, the employee shall be paid the daily maternity benefit for one hundred and fifty (150) days. An additional maternity leave of thirty (30) days, without pay, can be availed of, at the option of the female worker: Provided, That, the head of the agency shall be given due notice, in writing, at least forty five (45) days before the end of her ordinary maternity leave.
Maternity Leave for Female Workers in the Private Sector
Any pregnant female worker in the private sector who has paid at least three (3) monthly contributions in the twelve-month period immediately preceding the semester of her childbirth or miscarriage, shall be paid a daily maternity benefit, which shall be computed based on the average monthly salary credit, for one hundred twenty (120) days, regardless of whether she gave birth via caesarian section or natural delivery, subject to the following conditions:
- a. That the female worker shall have notified her employer of her pregnancy and the probable date of her childbirth, which notice shall be transmitted to the Social Security System (SSS) in accordance with its rules and regulations:
- b. That the full payment shall be advanced by the employer within thirty (30) days from the filing of the maternity leave application:
That the payment of daily maternity benefits shall be a bar to the recovery of sickness benefits provided under Republic Act No. 1161, as amended, for the same period for which daily benefits has been received:
- d. That the SSS shall immediately reimburse the employer of one hundred percent (100%) of the amount of maternity benefits advanced to the female worker by the employer upon receipt of satisfactory and legal proof of such payment:
- e. That if a female worker should give birth or suffer a miscarriage without the required contributions having been remitted for her by her employer to the SSS, or without the latter having been previously notified by the employer of the time of the pregnancy, the employer shall pay to the SSS damages equivalent to the benefits which said female member would otherwise have been entitled to.
In case the employee qualifies as a solo parent under Republic Act No. 8972, or the Solo Parents’ Welfare Act, the employee shall be paid the daily maternity benefit for one hundred and fifty (150) days.
An additional maternity leave of thirty (30) days, without pay, can be availed of, at the option of the femaie worker as long as the head of the agency shall be given due notice, in writing, at least forty five (45) days before the end of her ordinary maternity leave.
Workers availing of the maternity leave period and benefits must receive not less than two thirds (2/3) of their regular monthly wages. Employers from the private sector shall be responsible for payment of the salary differential between the actual cash benefits received from the Social Security System (SSS) by the covered female workers and their average weekly or regular wages, for the entire duration of the ordinary maternity leave, with the following exceptions, subject to the guidelines to be issued by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE):
- a. Those operating distressed establishments:
- b. Those retail/service establishments employing not more than ten (10) workers:
- c. Those considered as micro-business enterprises and engaged in the production, processing, or manufacturing of products or commodities including agro-processing, trading, and services, whose total assets are not more than three million pesos (PhP3,000,000.00): and
- d. Those who are already providing similar or more than the benefits herein provided.
Allocation of Maternity Leave Credits
Any female worker entitled to maternity leave benefits as provided for herein may, at her option, allocate up to thirty (30) days of said benefits to the child’s father, whether or not the same is married to the female worker: Provided, That, in the death, absence or incapacity of the former, the benefit may be allocated to an alternative caregiver who may be a relative within the fourth degree of consanguinity or the current partner of the female worker sharing the same household, upon the election of the mother taking into account the best interests of the child: Provided, further, That, written notice thereof is provided to the employers of the female worker and alternate caregiver: Provided, finally. That, this benefit is over and above that which is provided under Republic Act No. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996.
Parental Leave for Adopters
Any person who has legally adopted a minor child, shall, after the issuance of the Pre-Adoption Placement Authority issued by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) be entitled to thirty (30) days of parental leave: Provided, That, if an adoptive parent also qualifies for leave benefits under Republic Act No. 8552, “The Domestic Adoption Act of 1998″, the leave benefit with the higher number of days shall apply.
Maternity Leave with Pay in Case of Childbirth or Miscarriage After Termination
Maternity leave with pay shall be granted even If the childbirth or miscarriage occurs not more than fifteen (15) calendar days after the termination of the employee’s service, as her right thereto has already accrued.
Maternity Leave Benefits for Women in the Informal Economy and Voluntary Contributors to the SSS
Maternity benefits shall cover all married and unmarried women, including female workers in the informal economy.
Female workers in the informal economy are entitled to maternity leave benefits if they have remitted to the SSS at least three (3) monthly contributions in the twelve (12) month period immediately preceding the semester of her childbirth or miscarriage.
Maternity Benefits for Female Workers Who are Non-members of the Social Security System
Female workers who are neither voluntary nor regular members of the Social Security System shall be governed by Philhealth Circular No. 022-2014 or the “Social Health Insurance Coverage and Benefits for Women About to Give Birth”.
Maternity Leave for Female National Athletes
In the event a national athlete becomes pregnant, she will be referred to the team physician or an accredited physician of the Philippine Sports Commission (PSC) or an obstetrician-gynecologist to determine her fitness to continue training. She will be allowed to participate in all team-related activities, unless the physician advises that participation is not medically safe or should be limited. Upon medical advice, she shall go on maternity leave until cleared to return to training. She shall continue receiving her allowance and be entitled to the same benefits while on maternity leave prior to childbirth and up to six (6) months after, unless she can resume sooner as advised by her physician, in which case, she will be entitled to the allowance and benefits she had prior to pregnancy.
Security of Tenure
Those who avail of the benefits of this Act, whether in the government service or private sector, shall be assured of security of tenure. As such, the exercise of this option by them shall not be used as basis for demotion in employment or termination. The transfer to a parallel position or reassignment from one organizational unit to another in the same agency shall be allowed: Provided, That, it shall not involve a reduction in rank, status or salary.
The Civil Service Commission (CSC), the DOLE and the SSS, in consultation with trade unions and labor organizations, shall immediately conduct a review of the maternity leave benefits of female workers in the government service and the private sector, respectively. Thereafter, they shall include maternity leave benefits in their valuation report conducted every four (4) years for the SSS and the DOLE and every three (3) years for the CSC, or more frequently as may be necessary, with the end in view of meeting the needs of pregnant women and newly-born infants, and improving their welfare.
Implementing Rules and Regulations
The CSC, DOLE and the SSS shall issue the necessary rules and regulations for the effective implementation of this Act within six (6) months from the effectivity of the same.
If any provision of this Act is declared unconstitutional or otherwise invalid, the validity of the other provisions shall not be affected thereby.
All laws, decrees, orders, rules and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
This Act shall take effect after fifteen (15) days from its publication in the Official Gazette or in a newspaper of general circulation.
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